2024 Investiture Information

ENGG 199.12 - Geophysical Fluid Dynamics


Geophysical Fluid Dynamics is the study of planetary flows in the atmosphere and ocean basins. It underpins the study of climate dynamics. After a review of the physics of mass, momentum, and energy balances within approximations suitable to planetary flows, and exposition of the effect of planetary rotation (the Coriolis effect), the course continues with the study of boundary layers, waves, instabilities, mixing and turbulence in their planetary manifestations. These concepts are then utilized to study the general oceanic and atmospheric circulations, heat transfer at the hemispheric scale, and climate-affecting large-scale oscillations such as the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO), the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation (AMO), and the El Niño/Southern Oscillation (ENSO). It concludes with specific topics related to sea-ice interactions.


ENGS 034 or permission of instructor