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Paul Meaney headshot

Paul M. Meaney

Professor of Engineering

Multi Modal Breast Imaging Platform

Education

  • AB, Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Brown University 1982
  • MS, Electrical Engineering, University of Massachusetts 1985
  • PhD, Engineering Sciences, Dartmouth College 1995

Research Interests

Microwave imaging ultrasound computed tomography for biomedical applications; microwave antenna design; thermal modeling and system design for focused ultrasound surgery applications

Professional Activities

  • Associate Editor, IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering

Patents

  • Two-dimensional microwave imaging apparatus and methods | 5,841,288
  • Fixed array imaging, high contrast object imaging techniques and breast cancer imaging | 6,448,788
  • Non-invasive microwave analysis systems | 7,164,105
  • Magnetic resonance microwave absorption and tomography | 7,439,736
  • Non-invasive microwave analysis systems | 7,319,212
  • Non-invasive microwave analysis methods | 7,755,010
  • Microwave imaging system and processes, and associated software products | 7,825,667
  • Imaging by magnetic resonance adsorption, elastography and tomography | 8,207,733

Research Projects

  • Microwave imaging spectroscopy

    Microwave imaging spectroscopy

    Microwave imaging spectroscopy (also commonly referred to as microwave computed tomography) presents the challenge of measuring the signal data necessary to produce meaningful images. Development of site-specific antenna arrays along with improved electronic signal detection technology is rapidly making this measurement feasible for breast cancer detection. A second-generation tomographic breast imaging system has been completed and the data are being used to recover permittivity and conductivity maps of the breast for evaluation by a clinician.

  • Therapy monitoring

    Therapy monitoring

    Therapy monitoring is an important emerging application of imaging modalities. These and other current research topics include:

    • near-infrared imaging of brain tissue;
    • near-infrared spectroscopy for diagnosing peripheral vascular disease;
    • electrical impedance spectroscopy for radiation therapy monitoring;
    • magnetic resonance elastography for detecting brain or prostate lesions; to follow the progression of diabetic damage in the foot; and to answer basic questions of wave propagation in tissue;
    • microwave imaging spectroscopy for hyperthermia therapy monitoring, brain imaging, and detection of early-stage osteoporosis;
    • electrical impedance tomography for monitoring traumatic brain injury progression and therapy.
  • Non-linear image reconstruction techniques

    Non-linear image reconstruction techniques

    Non-linear image reconstruction techniques is at the core of the medical imaging projects. Excitation-induced measurements from each instrument are compared with calculations from corresponding numerical models to compute updated property images of the biological target. As the images are progressively updated (or refined) in a non-linear iterative process, important features and functional information related to the objects physiological status—tumor, benign tissue, etc.—become more apparent. The computational core of the breast imaging project works synergistically with all four groups to improve our fundamental understanding of these mathematical systems to improve overall image quality and resolution. These processes have been developed for both 2D and 3D geometries in each modality and are being expanded to exploit emerging parallel computing capabilities.

  • Dielectric properties of tissue

    Dielectric properties of tissue

    Dielectric properties of tissue—measured through advanced microwave imaging techniques—convey functional information useful for making clinical diagnoses. The properties reflect tissue composition of fat, bone, water, proteins, etc., and often have unique spectral characteristics. The relative proportions and dynamic aspects of these constituents can have important implications for breast cancer imaging, osteoporosis detection, brain imaging, and heat therapy monitoring.

  • Microwave electronics

    Microwave electronics

    Microwave electronics capable of fast data acquisition (approaching real-time) are being developed for brain imaging applications. Also, site-specific antenna arrays for microwave imaging are in development for heel imaging (screening for osteoporosis) and for brain imaging applications.