Mary R. Albert
Professor of Engineering
Executive Director, US Ice Drilling Program
- BS, Mathematics, Pennsylvania State University 1975
- BE, Dartmouth 1983
- MS, Engineering Sciences, Dartmouth 1983
- PhD, Applied Mechanics and Engineering Sciences, University of California, San Diego 1991
Snow and firn physics; ice cores and climate; climate adaptation
- Keegan, K.M., M.R. Albert, J.R. McConnell, I. Baker, 2019. Climae Effects on Firn Permeability are Preserved Within a Firn Column. Journal of Geophyical Research Earth Surface 124(3), 830–837. Doi.org/10.1029/2018JF004798
- Adolph, A.C., M.R. Albert, D.K. Hall, 2018. Near-surface temperature inversion during summer at Summit, Greenland, and its relation to MODIS-derived surface temperatures. The Cryosphere 12, 907-920, 2018. Doi.org/10.5194/tc-12-907-2018.
- Stwertka, C.H., A.J. Titus, M.R. Albert, K.D. White, 2018. Automated Strategic Prioritization Matchmaking Tool to Facilitate Federal-Community Climate Adaptation Implementation. Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management, v. 144(12): 04018081. Doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)WR.1943-5452.0000994
- Adolph, A.C., M.R. Albert, J. Lazarcik, J. Dibb, J. Amante, A. Price, 2017. Dominance of grain size impacts on seasonal snow albedo at deforested sites in New Hampshire. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 122, 121-139. Doi:10.1002/2016/JD025362.
- Lazarcik, J., J.E. Dibb, A.C. Adolph, J.M. Amante, C.P. Wake, E. Scheuer, M.M. Mineau, and M.R. Albert. Major fraction of black carbon is ushed from the melting New Hampshire snowpack nearly as quickly as soluble impurities." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 122 (2017): 537-553, doi:10.1002/2016JD025351.
- Contosta, A.R., A. Adolph, D. Burchsted, E. Burakowski, M. Green, D. Guerra, M. Albert, J. Dibb, M. Martin, W.H. McDowell, M. Routhier, C. Wake, R. Whitaker, W. Wollheim, 2016. A longer vernal window: the role of winter coldness and snowpack in driving spring transitions and lags. Global Change Biology, doi: 10.1111/gcb.13517.
- Whelsky, A.N., M. Albert, 2016. Firn permeability impacts on pressure loss associated with rapid air movement drilling. Journal of Cold Regions Science and Technology 1(23), 149-154. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.coldregions.2015.11.018
- WAIS Divide Project Members, 2015. Precise interpolar phasing of abrupt climate change during the last ice age. Nature 520, 661-665, doi:10.1038/nature14401. ( WAIS Divide Project Members are: C. Buizert, J. Ahn, M. Albert, R. B. Alley, and 14 others).
- Mitchell, L.E., C. Buizert, E.J. Brook, D.J. Breton, J. Fegyveresi, D. Baggenstos, A. Orsi, J. Severinghaus, R.B. Alley, M. Albert, R. Rhodes, J.R. McConnell, M. Sigl, O.Maselli, S. Gregory, J. Ahn., 2015. Observing and modeling the influence of layering on bubble trapping in polar firn, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 120, doi:10.1002/ 2014JD022766.
- Keegan, K.M., M.R. Albert, J.R. McConnell, and I. Baker, 2014. Climate Change and Forest Fires Synergistically Drive Widespread Melt Events of the Greenland Ice Sheet. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, v.111(20), doi/10.1073/pnas.1405397111.
- Adolph, A.C., and M.R. Albert, 2014. Gas Diffusivity and Permeability through the Firn Column at Summit, Greenland: Measurements and Comparison to Microstructural Properties. The Cryosphere, v. 8, p. 319-328.
- Gregory, S.A., M.R. Albert, and I. Baker, 2014. Impact of Physical Properties and Accumulation Rate on Pore Close-off in Layered Firn. The Cryosphere, v.8, p. 91-105.
- Lifetime National Associate of the National Research Council of the National Academies, 2011
- Department of the Army, Meritorious Civilian Service Award, 2009
- IEEE Best Journal Paper of the Year 2009 Award: Li, Gaiser, Albert, Long, Twarog, “Windsat passive microwave polarimetric signatures of the Greenland Ice sheet” IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing , v.46(9), p. 2622-2631, 2008
- US Chief Scientist, Norwegian-US Scientific Traverse of East Antarctica, 2007-2010
- Albert Valley, Antarctica: Named by Advisory Committee on Antarctic Names (US-ACAN, 2005) after Mary R. Albert, Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory, Hanover, NH, who conducted field and laboratory research to characterize ice core, firn, and snow properties from Siple Dome, from the US-ITASE traverses of West Antarctica, and from East Antarctic Megadunes, 1996–2003
- Congressional Antarctic Service Medal, 2000
- US Army Commanders Award for Civilian Service/Partners in Education, 1999
- US Army Corps of Engineers Women in Science Achievement Award, 1996
- Department of the Army Research and Development Award, 1989
- Review Coordinator (Invited), National Research Council of the National Academies:
- Monitoring Climate Change Impacts: Metrics at the Intersection of the Human and Earth Systems, NRC 2010
- Scientific Value of Arctic Sea Ice Imagery Derived Products, NRC 2009
- Design of the Martha Muse Award, NRC 2008
- Exploration of Antarctic Subglacial Aquatic Environments: Environmental and Scientific Stewardship, NRC 2007
- Faculty Advisor, Dartmouth Graduate Women in Science and Engineering
- Member, American Association for Advancement of Science, American Geophysical Union, International Glaciological Society
- Chair, U.S. National Committee for the International Polar Year, 2003–2006 (Committee of the NAS Polar Research Board) (Invited)
- Member, Polar Research Board, National Academy of Sciences 2002–2006
- Member (Invited) National Science Foundation Office of Polar Programs Advisory Committee (1998-2001); Committee Chair (Invited) 2000
- ENGS 172: Climate Change and Engineering
Glaciology and climate
Glaciology and climate
As perhaps the most dynamic of all naturally-deposited porous media, the changing structure of snow reflects changes in weather and the environment. A wealth of satellite imagery exists over the vast expanses of the Antarctic and Greenland ice sheets, yet there is an incomplete understanding of what variations in the images means. From snow and ice cores collected from traverses across the Antarctic Ice Sheet and from several locations on the Greenland Ice Sheet, we are developing the physical basis by which satellite imagery can be used to make high-resolution maps of snow accumulation over vast and remote areas of the ice sheets.
Ice core interpretation
Ice core interpretation
Ice cores drilled in cold areas of the Greenland and Antarctic Ice Sheets provide high-resolution climate records that are essential for understanding abrupt climate change. The only remaining samples of the atmopshere from past centuries and millennia are contained in bubbles found deep in glacial ice. We are measuring the physical structure, transport properties, and microstructure from ice cores from Greenland and Antarctica to better understand mechanisms of the trapping of gases in ice cores for improved understanding of abrupt climate changes in the past.
Adaptation to climate change
Adaptation to climate change
Many communities are not prepared to understand the changes they may need to make under our currently changing climate in order to adapt and mitigate for a more resilient future. We are working with communities and with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers to use published forecasts of climate change along with economics, planning policy, and engineering considerations in order to facilitate planning for a more resilient future for communities within the U.S. and elsewhere.