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Special Seminar: Nanophotonic Interfaces to Control Plasmons and Spins for Next-Generation Quantum Technologies



12:00pm - 1:00pm ET


Meeting ID: 995 9695 0090
Passcode: 153207

Light-matter interactions mediated by photonic quasiparticles play a crucial role in unlocking phenomena that are not accessible with free-space photons and providing efficient interfaces for quantum systems. In the first part of the presentation, I will present the first experimental demonstration of a mid-infrared light-emitting mechanism originating from an ultrafast coupling of optically excited carriers into hot plasmon excitations in graphene. Such excitations show gate-tunable, non-Planckian emission characteristics due to the atom-level confinement of the electromagnetic states. These findings for plasmon emission in photo-inverted graphene open a new path for the exploration of mid-infrared emission processes, and this mechanism can potentially be exploited for both far-field and near-field applications for strong optical field generation.

In the second part, I will present a resonant metasurface that mediates efficient spin-photon interactions and enables a new type of quantum imaging hardware. This quantum metasurface containing nitrogen-vacancy (NV) spin ensembles coherently encodes information about the local magnetic field on spin-dependent phase and amplitude changes of near-telecom light. The central challenge with NV sensing remains in suboptimal optical readout due to the inefficient spin-photon interface, limiting its achievable sensitivity. In this presentation, I will discuss that nanophotonic strategies provide opportunities to achieve near-unity optical spin readout fidelity for absorption-based readout. This resonant surface is designed to readily couple with external radiation and allow shot-noise-limited sensing with a standard camera, eliminating the need of single-photon detectors. This quantum optical imaging system paves the way for a new type of quantum micro(nano)scopy. The projected performance makes the studied quantum imaging metasurface appealing for the most demanding applications such as imaging through scattering tissues and spatially resolved chemical NMR detection.

About the Speaker(s)

Laura Kim
Assistant Professor of Materials Science and Engineering, UCLA

Laura Kim

Laura Kim is an assistant professor in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at UCLA. Prior to joining UCLA, she completed her IC Postdoctoral Fellowship in the Quantum Photonics Laboratory at MIT. She received her BS and PhD degrees from CalTech. She was named a 2020 EECS Rising Star and a recipient of the 2023 Nanophotonics Early Career Award, IC Postdoctoral Fellowship, Gary Malouf Foundation Award, and NSF Graduate Research Fellowship. She serves on the Early Career Editorial Advisory Board of Applied Physics Letters. Her current research interests include enhancing photonic-quasiparticle-driven light-matter interactions and developing nanoscale quantum sensing technologies.


For more information, contact Ashley Parker at