Special Seminar: Mitigating the Impacts of Transportation Electrification with Power Grid Enterprise

Amro Farid, Assistant Professor of Engineering Systems & Management, Masdar Institute of Science & Technology

Monday, May 4, 2015, 4:00–5:00pm

Room 200, Cummings Hall

Recently, the academic and industrial literature has coalesced around an enhanced vision of the electric power grid that is responsive, dynamic, adaptive and flexible. Given several drivers including transportation electrification, this future "smart" grid will undergo technical, economic and regulatory changes to bring about the incorporation of renewable energy and incentivized demand side management and control. This seminar specifically addresses the integration of electrified transportation using a novel assessment technique called power grid enterprise control. The work is first situated within the context of a methodological review of renewable energy integration studies. Next, a Power Grid Enterprise Control simulator which includes most of the balancing operation functions found in traditional power systems is presented. Its development has lead to closed-form derivations for the quantity of operating reserves as a primary techno-economic lever for power grid balancing. With this foundation in place, the seminar presents an objective comparison of the systemic impacts of two large scale electrified transportation scenarios: one based upon plug-in electric vehicles and another based upon the new concept of online electric vehicles. The results will show that online electric vehicles, unlike their conventional vehicle counterparts, are able to avoid charging station queues and thus are able to meet the needs of a greater variety of transportation uses cases including commercial and public fleets. Their impacts on the power system also differ. While conventional electric vehicles are likely to require greater investment to expand power system generation capacity, online electric vehicles are likely to incur greater operating costs to manage their charging loads. In either case, the need for Intelligent Transportation Energy Systems as an enhancement to Power Grid Enterprise Control is motivated. 

About the Speaker

Amro Farid is currently a professor at the Masdar Institute of Science & Technology in Abu Dhabi, UAE and a visiting scientist at MIT in mechanical engineering. He received his ScB in 2000 and his ScM 2002 from MIT's Mechanical Engineering Department and went onto complete his PhD degree at the Institute for Manufacturing within the University of Cambridge (UK) Engineering Department in 2007. He has varied industrial experiences from the automotive, semiconductor, defense, chemical, and manufacturing sectors. He currently leads the Laboratory for Intelligent Integrated Networks of Engineering Systems (LIINES) which has an active research program in Smart Power Grids, Energy-Water Nexus, Energy-Transportation Nexus, Industrial Energy Management & Demand Response. 

He has made active contributions to the MIT-Masdar Institute Collaborative Initiative, the MIT Future of the Electricity Grid Study, and the IEEE Vision for Smart Grid Controls. He is a senior member of the IEEE and holds leadership positions in the IEEE Control Systems Society (CSS) Technical Committee on Smart Grids, and the IEEE Systems, Man & Cybernetics (SMC) Technical Committee on Cybernetics for Intelligent Industrial Systems. 

For more information, contact Haley Tucker at haley.tucker@dartmouth.edu.