- MD, University of Illinois College of Medicine 1959
- MSPH , University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill 1962
- PhD, Georgetown University School of Medicine 1969
Biomedical (especially clinical) imaging using magnetic resonance; measuring physiology and pathophysiology in vivo, (especially oxygen and related parameters); after-the-fact dosimetry for terrorism and accidents; policy issues in the response to terrorism
Seminar: If Vermont Yankee had an Incident like Fukushima, What Would be the Responsibilities and Public Expectations of the Scientific Community?