Electric cars have many benefits over existing internal combustion engines. First, electric cars do not produce emissions, which makes them a benefit in cities, where air quality, visibility, and respiratory health deteriorate with an increase in automobiles. They also perform well, run quietly, and accelerate quickly.
In terms of efficiency, electric cars have an advantage over their tradition counterparts because their electric motors can shut down whenever the car is stopped, allowing the car to shut off when stopped at traffic lights. This saves a lot of energy over internal combustion engines, which have to idle at stoplights.
Electric cars were ‘the solution of the future’ for many years, but they have been plagued by problems, mostly in the battery. Additionally, electric cars ‘export’ their emissions to power plants whenever they recharge. Because most power plants are fueled by fossil fuels, electric cars are, at the moment, still not a renewable source of energy.
Electric cars also suffer from performance and efficiency issues themselves. First, there is energy loss in both storing energy in batteries and pulling it back out. Also, due to problems with energy storage, electric cars have very limited ranges. For city drivers, electric cars have tangible benefits; for most, however, the drawbacks are significant.