SELECTED: Sherman Fairchild Professor of Engineering Ian Baker has been selected as a 2015 Fellow by the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the world’s largest general scientific society and the publisher of the journal Science. Baker is cited “for distinguished contributions to fundamental understanding of structure-property relationships in materials, particularly high-temperature austenitic alloys, ice sheet fabric formation, and nanoparticle development for cancer treatment.”
ON DISPLAY: Professor Eric Fossum’s CMOS image sensor is on display at the Smithsonian National Museum of American History’s Inventing in America exhibition. The CMOS image sensor, part of virtually all cell phone cameras, shares the stage with such other innovations as the first Apple computer, the telegraph, the telephone, and the incandescent lamp. The display continues through 2020.
AWARDED: Professor Jifeng Liu and his research team have received a U.S. Department of Energy SunShot Initiative award for a lower-cost, efficient alternative to conventional solar-panel construction. A novel metal nanostructure and ceramic matrix developed by Liu’s team provides optimal spectral selectivity and long-term antioxidation protection without the need for costly vacuum deposition. Liu and his team will collaborate with Norwich Technologies, led by Troy McBride Th’01, to scale up the technology.
RAISED: Biotech startup Alector, cofounded by Professor Tillman Gerngross, raised $32 million for early-stage work in harnessing the immune system to fight neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer’s. According to Alector.com, the “strategy is to efficiently generate and validate antibody drugs that engage key disease-altering, genetically-validated neuro-immune targets. Alector’s approach is enabled by a strategic alliance with Adimab, the technology leader in the discovery of fully human antibodies and bispecifics.” Adimab was also cofounded by Gerngross.
OUTREACH: As 2015–16 Schweitzer Fellows, engineering students Madeleine Yi ’18 and Juergen Buchsteiner ’18 are helping elementary students in Norwich, Vt., explore engineering through Junior FIRST LEGO League.
AWARDED: The National Institutes of Health awarded $1.4 in funding to DoseOptics, a company founded by Professors Brian Pogue and Scott Davis that has developed an imaging technology for real-time visualization of radiation therapy as it is administered to cancer patients. Pogue and Davis will conduct clinical trials at Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center.
NOTED: An engineered variant of the antibacterial enzyme lysostaphin—developed by Professor Karl Griswold and his team—may treat methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infections more effectively than a non-engineered version. The “engineered enzyme holds promise for inciting a less-severe immune response when treating MRSA infections,” according to Chemical & Engineering News.
CITED: Research conducted by Professor Vikrant Vaze was cited by a recent National Science Foundation report on how operations research (OR) can help address the nation’s “grand challenges” in engineering. “Overall, OR models help in understanding human decision-making and in creating incentives for the individuals to take actions that will benefit them and the society at the same time,” Vaze says. His latest research, conducted with MIT, looks at flight delays caused by the U.S. Department of Transportation’s 2010 Tarmac Delay Rule, which was designed to protect passengers from sitting on the tarmac for more than three hours. He and his colleagues found that the rule did reduce long tarmac delays but increased flight cancellations, which in turn added to passenger delays. Vaze and his colleagues recommend upping the tarmac time limit to 3.5 hours, only applying the rule to flights scheduled to depart before 5 p.m., and redefining tarmac time limit to refer to when a plane returns to a gate rather than when passengers deplane. The research appears in Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Volume 83.
NOTED: Engineering major Catherine Berghuis ’16 is leading Dartmouth’s varsity women’s hockey team this season as captain. As of the end of fall term, the forward had already played 103 career games.